19951996199719981999 – 2000200120022003200420052006

2007200820092010 – 2011 – 2012 – 2013 – 2014 – 2015 – 201620172018 – 2019 – 2020 -2021


  • Bradshaw Corey J. A., Ehrlich Paul R., Beattie Andrew, Ceballos Gerardo, Crist Eileen, Diamond Joan, Dirzo Rodolfo, Ehrlich Anne H., Harte John, Harte Mary Ellen, Pyke Graham, Raven Peter H., Ripple William J., Saltré Frédérik, Turnbull Christine, Wackernagel Mathis, Blumstein Daniel T. 2021. Underestimating the Challenges of Avoiding a Ghastly Future. Frontiers in Conservation Science Vol (1).  Link


  • Portela, R. And Dirzo, R. 2020. Forest fragmentation and defaunation drive an unusual ecological cascade: predation release, monkey population outburst and plant demographic collapse. In Press Biological Conservation
  • Miller-ter-Kuile, Orr, D., Bui, A., Dirzo, R., Klope, M., McCauley, D., Motta, C., Young, H.S. A. 2020. Impacts of rodent eradication on seed predation and plant community biomass. In press, Biotropica
  • Antonini, Y., Dirzo, R., Portela, R. 2020. Are populations of two globular cactus species facing a demographic explosion or just a “bonanza” year? Journal of Arid Environments.
  • Sánchez, O., Dirzo, R., Schlichting, K., Quesada, M. 2020. A field experiment to determine the effect of dry-season irrigations on vegetative and reproductive traits in the wet-deciduous tree Bonellia nervosa. Journal of Tropical Ecology, in press.
  • López Gutierrez, B., Almeyda-Zambrano, A. M., Mulder, G. Ols, C., Dirzo, R., Almeyda Zambrano, S. L., Quispe, C. A., Gil, J.C., Cruz Díaz, Alvarez, D., Valdelomar Leon, V., Villareal, E., Sanchez-Espinosa, A., Quiros, A., Stein, T. V., Lewis, K. and Broadbent, E. N. 2019. Ecotourism: the ‘human shield’ for wildlife conservation in the Osa Peninsula, Costa Rica. Journal of Ecotourism.
  • Morrison, B., Brosi, B., Dirzo, R. 2019. Agricultural intensification drives changes in hybrid network robustness by modifying network structure. Ecology Letters, DOI: 10.1111/ele.1344i
  • Perea, R., Fernandes, G., Dirzo, R. 2020. Early plant development depends on embryo damage location: the role of seed size in partial seed predation. Oikos 10.1111/oik.06912


  • López-Sánchez, A., Peláez, M., Dirzo, R., Fernandes, G. W., Seminatore, M., & Perea, R. (2019). Data from: Spatio-temporal variation of biotic and abiotic stress agents determines seedling survival in assisted oak regeneration. Dryad Digital Repository, dryad.0bv02ss
  • López-Sánchez, A., Peláez, M., Dirzo, R., Fernandes, G.W., Seminatore, M., Perea, R.  2019. Spatio-temporal variation of biotic and abiotic stress agents determines seedling survival an assisted oak regeneration. Journal of Applied Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.13500
  • Schroeder, J., Martin, J.T., Angulo, D.F., Arias-Del Razo, I., Barbosa, J.M., Perea, R., Sebastián-González, E., Dirzo, R. 2019. Host plant phylogeny and abundance predict root-associated fungal community composition and diversity of mutualists and pathogens. Journal of Ecology DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.13166
  • Morales-Díaz, P., Alvarez-Añorve, M.Y., Zamora-Espinoza, M., Dirzo, R., Oyama, K. 2019. Rodent Community Responses to Vegetation and Landscape Changes in Early Successional Stages of Tropical Dry Forest. Forest Ecology and Management 433: 633-644.
  • López Gutierrez, B., Almeyda Zambrano, A., Almeyda Zambrano, S. Quispe Gil, C.A., Avellan-Arias, E., Mulder, G., Ols, C. Dirzo, R., DeLuycker, A.M., Bohlman, S., Lewis, K., Broadbent, E.N. 2019. An island of wildlife in a human-dominated landscape on the Osa Peninsula’s Golfo Dulce coastline, Costa Rica. PLoS One 14(3): e0214390. pone.0214390
  • Peláez M, Dirzo R, Fernandes GW, Perea R. 2019. Nurse plant size and biotic stress determine quantity and quality of plant facilitation in oak savannas. Forest Ecology and Management 437: 435-442


  • Wolf, C.A., Young, H.S., Zilliacus, K.M., Wegmann, A.S., McKown, M., Holmes, N.D., Tershy, B.R., Dirzo, R., Kropidlowski, S., Croll, D.A. 2018. Invasive rat eradication leads to native and non-native vegetation changes on a tropical atoll. PLoS ONE, pone.0200743
  • López-Corona, O., Ramirez-Carrillo, E., Perez-Cirera, V., de León-González, F., Dirzo, R. 2019.  More than trees, do we need a a complex perspective for forest sustainable management? PeerJ, arXiv:1611.10339v1[].
  • McFadden, T. N., and R. Dirzo. 2018. Opening the silvicultural toolbox: A new framework for conserving biodiversity in Chilean timber plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 425:75-84.10.1016/j.foreco.2018.05.028
  • Fernandes, G. W., N. P. U. Barbosa, B. Alberton, A. Barbieri, R. Dirzo, F. Goulart, T. J. Guerra, L. P. C. Morellato, and R. R. C. Solar. 2018. The deadly route to collapse and the uncertain fate of Brazilian rupestrian grasslands. Biodiversity and Conservation 27:2587-2603.10.1007/s10531-018-1556-4
  • Wolf, C. A., H. S. Young, K. M. Zilliacus, A. S. Wegmann, M. McKown, N. D. Holmes, B. R. Tershy, R. Dirzo, S. Kropidlowski, and D. A. Croll. 2018. Invasive rat eradication strongly impacts plant recruitment on a tropical atoll. Plos One 13.ARTN e0200743 10.1371/journal.pone.0200743
  • Ramirez-Carrillo, E., O. Lopez-Corona, J. C. Toledo-Roy, J. C. Lovett, F. de Leon-Gonzalez, L. Osorio-Olvera, J. Equihua, E. Robredo, A. Frank, R. Dirzo, and V. Perez-Cirera. 2018. Assessing sustainability in North America’s ecosystems using criticality and information theory. Plos One 13.ARTN e0200382 10.1371/journal.pone.0200382
  • Schroeder, J. W., J. T. Martin, D. F. Angulo, J. M. Barbosa, R. Perea, I. Arias-Del Razo, E. Sebastian-Gonzalez, and R. Dirzo. 2018. Community composition and diversity of Neotropical root-associated fungi in common and rare trees. Biotropica 50:694-703.10.1111/btp.12553
  • Perea, R., G. W. Fernandes, and R. Dirzo. 2018. Embryo size as a tolerance trait against seed predation: Contribution of embryo-damaged seeds to plant regeneration. Perspectives in Plant Ecology Evolution and Systematics 31:7-16.10.1016/j.ppees.2017.12.001
  • Neylan, I. P., R. Dirzo, and M. Sobral. 2018. Cumulative effects of transgenerational induction on plant palatability to generalist and specialist herbivores. Web Ecology 18:41-46.10.5194/we-18-41-2018
  • Reshamwala, H. S., S. Shrotriya, B. Bora, S. Lyngdoh, R. Dirzo, and B. Habib. 2018. Anthropogenic food subsidies change the pattern of red fox diet and occurrence across Trans-Himalayas, India. Journal of Arid Environments 150:15 20.10.1016/j.jaridenv.2017.12.011


  • Perea, R., A. Lopez-Sanchez, and R. Dirzo. 2017. Differential tree recruitment in California oak savannas: Are evergreen oaks replacing deciduous oaks? Forest Ecology and Management 399:1-8.10.1016/j.foreco.2017.05.018
  • Ceballos, G., P. R. Ehrlich, and R. Dirzo. 2017. Biological annihilation via the ongoing sixth mass extinction signaled by vertebrate population losses and declines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114:E6089-E6096.10.1073/pnas.1704949114
  • Young, H. S., D. J. McCauley, R. Dirzo, C. L. Nunn, M. G. Campana, B. Agwanda, E. R. Otarola-Castillo, E. R. Castillo, R. M. Pringle, K. E. Veblen, D. J. Salkeld, K. Stewardson, R. Fleischer, E. F. Lambin, T. M. Palmer, and K. M. Helgen. 2017. Interacting effects of land use and climate on rodent-borne pathogens in central Kenya. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 372.ARTN 20160116 10.1098/rstb.2016.0116
  • Goncalves, F., E. Fischer, and R. Dirzo. 2017. Forest conversion to cattle ranching differentially affects taxonomic and functional groups of Neotropical bats. Biological Conservation 210:343-348.10.1016/j.biocon.2017.04.021
  • Sebastian-Gonzalez, E., M. M. Pires, C. I. Donatti, P. R. Guimaraes, and R. Dirzo. 2017. Species traits and interaction rules shape a species-rich seed-dispersal interaction network. Ecology and Evolution 7:4496-4506.10.1002/ece3.2865
  • Antonini, Y., C. D. Machado, P. M. Galetti, M. Oliveira, R. Dirzo, and G. W. Fernandes. 2017. Patterns of orchid bee species diversity and turnover among forested plateaus of central Amazonia. Plos One 12.ARTN e0175884 10.1371/journal.pone.0175884
  • Young, H. S., A. Miller-ter Kuile, D. J. McCauley, and R. Dirzo. 2017. Cascading community and ecosystem consequences of introduced coconut palms (Cocos nucifera) in tropical islands. Canadian Journal of Zoology 95:139-148.10.1139/cjz-2016-0107
  • Ripple, W. J., G. Chapron, J. V. Lopez-Bao, S. M. Durant, D. W. MacDonald, P. A. Lindsey, E. L. Bennett, R. L. Beschta, J. T. Bruskotter, A. Campos-Arceiz, R. T. Corlett, C. T. Darimont, A. J. Dickman, R. Dirzo, H. T. Dublin, J. A. Estes, K. T. Everatt, M. Galetti, V. R. Goswami, M. W. Hayward, S. Hedges, M. Hoffmann, L. T. B. Hunter, G. I. H. Kerley, M. Letnic, T. Levi, F. Maisels, J. C. Morrison, M. P. Nelson, T. M. Newsome, L. Painter, R. M. Pringle, C. J. Sandom, J. Terborgh, A. Treves, B. Van Valkenburgh, J. A. Vucetich, A. J. Wirsing, A. D. Wallach, C. Wolf, R. Woodroffe, H. Young, and L. Zhang. 2017. Conserving the World’s Megafauna and Biodiversity: The Fierce Urgency of Now. Bioscience 67:197-200
  • Barnosky, A. D., E. A. Hadly, P. Gonzalez, J. Head, P. D. Polly, A. M. Lawing, J. T. Eronen, D. D. Ackerly, K. Alex, E. Biber, J. Blois, J. Brashares, G. Ceballos, E. Davis, G. P. Dietl, R. Dirzo, H. Doremus, M. Fortelius, H. W. Greene, J. Hellmann, T. Hickler, S. T. Jackson, M. Kemp, P. L. Koch, C. Kremen, E. L. Lindsey, C. Looy, C. R. Marshall, C. Mendenhall, A. Mulch, A. M. Mychajliw, C. Nowak, U. Ramakrishnan, J. Schnitzler, K. Das Shrestha, K. Solari, L. Stegner, M. A. Stegner, N. C. Stenseth, M. H. Wake, and Z. B. Zhang. 2017. Merging paleobiology with conservation biology to guide the future of terrestrial ecosystems. Science 355.ARTN eaah4787 10.1126/science.aah4787


  • Barbosa, J. M., E. Sebastian-Gonzalez, G. P. Asner, D. E. Knapp, C. Anderson, R. E. Martin, and R. Dirzo. 2016. Hemiparasite-host plant interactions in a fragmented landscape assessed via imaging spectroscopy and LiDAR. Ecological Applications 26:55-66. doi: 10.1890/14-2429
  • Fernandes, G. W., M. S. Coelho, R. B. Machado, M. E. Ferreira, L. M. D. Aguiar, R. Dirzo, A. Scariot, and C. R. Lopes. 2016. Afforestation of savannas: an impending ecological disaster. Natureza & Conservacao 14:146-151. Doi: 10.1016/j.ncon.2016.08.002
  • Fernandes, G. W., F. F. Goulart, B. D. Ranieri, M. S. Coelho, K. Dales, N. Boesche, M. Bustamante, F. A. Carualho, D. C. Carvalho, R. Dirzo, S. Fernandes, P. M. Galetti, V. E. G. Millan, C. Mielke, J. L. Ramirez, A. Neves, C. Rogass, S. P. Ribeiro, A. Scariot, and B. Soares. 2016. Deep into the mud: ecological and socio-economic impacts of the dam breach in Mariana, Brazil. Natureza & Conservacao 14:35-45. doi: 10.1016/j.ncon.2016.10.003
  • Lopez-Sanchez, A., A. S. Miguel, R. Dirzo, and S. Roig. 2016. Scattered trees and livestock grazing as keystones organisms for sustainable use and conservation of Mediterranean dehesas. Journal for Nature Conservation 33:58-67. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000382125000007
  • Lopez-Sanchez, A., R. Perea, R. Dirzo, and S. Roig. 2016. Livestock vs. wild ungulate management in the conservation of Mediterranean dehesas: Implications for oak regeneration. Forest Ecology and Management 362:99-106. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000369556700011
  • Martinez-Ramos, M., I. A. Ortiz-Rodriguez, D. Pinero, R. Dirzo, and J. Sarukhan. 2016. Anthropogenic disturbances jeopardize biodiversity conservation within tropical rainforest reserves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 113:5323-5328. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000375478800062
  • Perea, R., Dirzo, A. San Miguel, and L. Gil. 2016. Post-dispersal seed recovery by animals: is it a plant- or an animal-driven process? Oikos 125:1203-1210. doi: 10.1111/oik.02556.
  • Ripple, W. J., K. Abernethy, M. G. Betts, G. Chapron, R. Dirzo, M. Galetti, T. Levi, P. A. Lindsey, D. Macdonald, B. Machovina, T. M. Newsome, C. A. Peres, A. D. Wallach, C. Wolf, and H. Young. 2016. Bushmeat hunting and extinction risk to the world’s mammals. Royal Society Open Science 3. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000389241700035
  • Ripple, W. J., G. Chapron, J. V. Lopez-Bao, S. M. Durant, D. W. Macdonald, P. A. Lindsey, E. L. Bennett, R. L. Beschta, J. T. Bruskotter, A. Campos-Arceiz, R. T. Corlett, C. T. Darimont, A. J. Dickman, R. Dirzo, H. T. Dublin, J. A. Estes, K. T. Everatt, M. Galetti, V. R. Goswami, M. W. Hayward, S. Hedges, M. Hoffmann, L. T. B. Hunter, G. I. H. Kerley, M. Letnic, T. Levi, F. Maisels, J. C. Morrison, M. P. Nelson, T. M. Newsome, L. Painter, R. M. Pringle, C. J. Sandom, J. Terborgh, A. Treves, B. Van Valkenburgh, J. A. Vucetich, A. J. Wirsing, A. D. Wallach, C. Wolf, R. Woodroffe, H. Young, and L. Zhang. 2016. Saving the World’s Terrestrial Megafauna. Bioscience 66:807-812. <Go to ISI>://WOS:000386485900003
  • Ruiz-Guerra, B., R. Guevara, N. Velazquez-Rosas, and R. Dirzo. 2016. Does tropical forest fragmentation affect plant anti-herbivore defensive and nutritional traits? Journal of Tropical Ecology 32:162-164. doi: 10.1017/S0266467416000031
  • Young, H. S., R. Dirzo, K. M. Helgen, D. J. McCauley, C. L. Nunn, P. Snyder, K. E. Veblen, S. Zhao, and V. O. Ezenwa. 2016. Large wildlife removal drives immune defence increases in rodents. Functional Ecology 30:799-807. doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12542
  • Young, H. S., D. J. McCauley, M. Galetti, and Dirzo. 2016. Patterns, Causes, and Consequences of Anthropocene Defaunation. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution, and Systematics, Vol 47 47:333-358. doi: 10.1146/annurev-ecolsys-112414-054142


  • Perea, R., Dirzo, R., San Miguel, A., Gil, L. 2105. Seed recovery after dispersal: Is it a plant- or an animal-driven process? Oikos. doi: 10.1111/oik.02556.
  • Sarukhán, J., Urquiza-Haas, T. Koleff, P., Carabias, J., Dirzo, R., Ezcurra, E., Cerdeira-Estreada, S., Soberon, J. 2015.  Strategic actions to value, conserve, and restore the Natural Capital. BioScience. 65: 164-173. doi: 10.1093/biosci/biu195
  • Martinez, E., Ros, M, Bonilla, M.A., Dirzo, R. 2015. Habitat heterogeneity affects plant and arthropod species diversity and turnover in traditional cornfields. PLoS One. 10(7): e0128950. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0128950.
  • Ripple, W., Newsome, T.M., Wolf, C., Dirzo, R., Everatt, K, Galetti, M., Hayward, D.W., Kerley, G.I.H., Levi, T., Lindsey, P., MacDonald, D.W., Mahli, Y., Painter, L.E., Sandom, C.J., Terborgh, J., Van Valkenburg, B. 2015. Collapse of the world’s largest herbivores. Science Adv. 1:31400103. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1400103
  • Young, H.S., Dirzo, R. Helgen, K.M., McCauley, D.J., Nunn, C.L., Snyder, P., Young, T.P., Zhao, S., Ezenwa, V.O. 2015. Large wildlife removal drives redistribution of immune defenses in rodents. Functional Ecology. Accepted.
  • Young, H.S., Dirzo, R. McCauley, D.J., Dittmar, K., Helgen, K.M. 2015. Drivers of intensity and prevalence of flea parasitism on small mammals in East African savannah ecosystems. Journal of Parasitology 101: 327-335. doi: 10.1645/14-684.1
  • McCauley, D.J., Salkeld, D.J., Young, H.S., Makundi, R., Dirzo, R., Eckerlin, R.P., Lambin, E.F., Gaffikin, L., Barry, M., Helgen, K.M. 2015. Effects of land use on plague (Yersinia pestis) activity in rodents in Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 92: 776-783. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0504
  • Dattilo, W., Aguirre, A., Quesada, M., Dirzo, R. 2015. Tropical forest fragmentation affects floral visitors but not the structure of individual-based palm-pollinator networks. PLoS One 10(3): e0121275. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0121275
  • Lopez-Acosta, J.C., Dirzo, R. 2015. Relevant aspects about the natural history of strangler hemiepiphyte plants. Interciencia 40: 190-197.
  • Camargo-Sanabria, A.A., Mendoza, E., Guevara, R., Martinez-Ramos, M., Dirzo, R. 2015. Experimental defaunation of terrestrial mammalian herbivores alters tropical rainforest understorey diversity. Biological Sciences/The Royal Society 282: 2014-2580.  doi: 10.1098/rspb.2014.2580


  • Dirzo, R., Young, H.S., Balle, C., Galetti, M. 2014. Defaunation in the Anthropocene. Science 345: 401-406. doi: 10.1126/science.1251817
  • Oakes, L.E., Hennon, P., O’Hara, K., Dirzo, R. 2014. Long-term vegetation changes in a temperate forest impacted by climate change. Ecosphere 5: 135. doi: 10.1890/ES14-00225.1
  • Young H.S., Dirzo, R., Helgen, K.M., McCauley, D.J., Billeter, S.A., Kosoy, M.Y., Osikowicz, L.M., Salkeld, D.J., Young, T.P.,  Dittmar, K.  2014. Declines in large wildlife increase landscape-level prevalence of a rodent-borne disease in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 111: 7036-7041. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1404958111
  • Pires, M., Galetti, M., Donatti, C., Dirzo, R., Pizo, M.A., Guimaraes, P. 2014. Reconstructing past ecological networks: the reconfiguration of seed dispersal interactions after megafaunal extinctions. Oecologia 175: 1247-1256. doi: 10.1007/s00442-014-2971-1
  • López-Sánchez, A., Schroeder, J., Sobral, M., Dirzo, R. 2014. Effects of cattle management on oak regeneration in Northern Californian Mediterranean oak woodlands. PLoS One. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0105472.133.
  • Busby, P.E., Lamit, L.J., Keith, A.R., Newcombe, G., Gering, C.A., Whitham, T.G., Dirzo, R. 2014. Genetics-based interactions among plants, pathogens and herbivores define community structure. Ecology 96: 1329-1339.
  • Barnosky, A.D., Hadly, E.A., Dirzo, R., Fortelius, M., Stenseth, N.C. Translating Science for Decision Makers to Help Navigate the Anthropocene . The Anthropocene Review, Accepted.
  • Barnosky, A.D., Brown, J.H., Daily, G.C., Dirzo, R., Ehrlich, A.H., Ehrlich, P.R., Eronen, J.T., Fortelius, M., Hadly, E.A., Leopold, E.B., Mooney, H.A., Myers, J.P., Naylor, R.L., Palumbi, S., Stenseth, N.C., Wake, M.H. 2014. Scientific consensus on maintaining humanity’s life support systems in the 21st century: Information for policy makers. The Anthropocene Review 1: 78-109. doi: 10.1177/2053019613516290.
  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Meyer, A., Dirzo, R. 2014. Differential plant damage due to litterfall in palm dominated forest stands in a Central Pacific atoll. Journal of Tropical Ecology 30: 231-236. doi:
  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Dirzo, R. 2013. Context-dependent effects of large wildlife declines on small mammal communities in Central Kenya. Ecological Applications, 25: 348-360. doi: 10.1890/14-0995.1
  • Busby, P. E., Newcombe, G., R. Dirzo, Whitham, T. G. 2014. Differentiating genetic and environmental drivers of plant-pathogen community interactions. Journal of Ecology 102: 1300–1309. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12270
  • Broadbent, E.N., Almeyda Zambrano, A.M., Asner, G.P., Soriano, M., Field, C.B., Ramos de Souza, H., Peña-Claros, M., Adams, R.I., Dirzo, R., Giles, L. 2014. Integrating stand and soil properties to understand foliar nutrient dynamics during forest succession following slash-and-burn agriculture in the Bolivian Amazon. PLoS One 19 (2) doi: e86042. 10.1371/journal.pone.0086042


  • Galetti, M., Dirzo, R. 2013. Ecological and evolutionary consequences of living in a defaunated world. Biodiversity Conservation 163: 1-6. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2013.04.020
  • Ruiz-Guerra, B., Hanson, P., Guevara, R., Dirzo, R. 2013. Richness and abundance of Ichneumonidae in a fragmented tropical rain forest. Neotropical Entomology 42: 458-465. doi: 10.1007/s13744-013-0143-3
  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Helgen, K.M., Goheen, J.R., Otárola-Castillo, E., Palmer, T.D., Pringle, R.M., Young, T.M., Dirzo, R. 2013. Effects of mammalian herbivore declines on plant communities: observations and experiments in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology 101: 1030-1041. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12096
  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Dunbar, R.R., Hutson, M., Miller ter-Kuile, A., Dirzo, R. 2013. The roles of productivity and ecosystem size in determining food chain length in tropical terrestrial ecosystems. Ecology 94: 692-701. doi: 10.1890/12-0729.1
  • Pringle, E.G., Akçay, E., Raab, T.K., Dirzo, R., Gordon, D.H. 2013. Water stress strengthens mutualism among ants, trees and scale insects. PLoS Biology 11: e1001685- e1001705. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001705
  • Busby, P. E., G. Newcombe, R. Dirzo, T. G. Whitham. 2013. Genetic basis of pathogen community structure for foundation tree species in a common garden and in the wild. Journal of Ecology 101: 867–887. doi: 10.1111/1365-2745.12112
  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Guevara, R.E., Dirzo, R. 2013. Consumer preference for seeds and seedlings of rare species impacts tree diversity at multiple scales. Oecologia 172: 857-867. doi: 10.1007/s00442-012-2542-2
  • Meli, P., Dirzo, R. 2013. Effects of grasses on sapling establishment and the role of transplanted seedlings on the light environment of pastures: implications for tropical forest restoration. Applied Vegetation Science 16: 296-304. doi:10.1111/j.1654-109X.2012.01217.x


  • Broadbent, E., Almeyda, A.M., Dirzo, R., Durham, W., Driscoll, L., Gallagher, P., Salters, R., Schultz, J., Colmenares, A., Randolph, S. G. 2012. The effect of land use change and ecotourism on biodiversity: a case study of Manuel Antonio, Costa Rica, from 1985 to 2008. Landscape Ecology 27: 731-744. doi: 10.1007/s10980-012-9722-7
  • Laurance, W., Useche, D.C., Dirzo, R., et al. 2012. Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical forest protected areas. Nature 489. doi:10.1038/nature11318
  • Pringle, E.G., Ramírez, S., Bonebrake, T.C., Gordon, D., Dirzo, R. 2012. Diversification and phylogenetic structure in widespread Azteca plant-ants in the Northern Neotropics. Molecular Ecology 21: 3576-3592. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2012.05618.x
  • McCauley, D.M., DeSalles, P., Young, H.S., Dunabr, R.B., Dirzo, R., Mills, M.M., Micheli, F. 2012. From wing to wing: the persistence of long ecological interaction chains in less-disturbed ecosystems. Nature: Scientific Reports 2: 1-5. doi: 10.1038/srep00409
  • Pringle, E.G., Dirzo, R., Gordon, D.M. 2012. Plant defense, herbivory, and the growth of Cordia alliodora trees and their symbiotic Azteca ant colonies. Oecologia 170: 677-685. doi: 10.1007/s00442-012-2340-x
  • Briggs A.A., Young H.S., McCauley, D.J., Hathaway, S.A., Dirzo, R., Fisher, R. 2012.  Effects of spatial subsidies and habitat structure on the foraging ecology and size of geckos. PLoS One 7(8): e41364. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0041364
  • Lovei, G.L., Lewinsohn, T., Dirzo, R., et al. 2012. Megadiverse developing countries face huge risks from invasives. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27: 1-3. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2011.10.002
  • Ruiz-Guerra, B., Renton, K., Dirzo, R. 2012. Consequences of fragmentation of tropical moist forest for birds and their role in predation of herbivorous insects. Biotropica 44: 228-236. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2011.00795.x
  • Cepeda-Cornejo, V., Palomino, G., Méndez, I., Dirzo, R. 2012. Intersexual comparison of DNA content by flow cytometry, and chromosome number in four dioecious Chamaedorea palms from Mexico. Caryologia: International Journal of Cytology, Cytosystematics and Cytogenetics 65: 262-270. doi: 10.1080/00087114.2012.752910


  • Mendoza, E., Martineau, P.R., Brenner, E., Dirzo, R. 2011. A Novel Method to Improve Individual Animal Identification Based on Camera-Trapping Data. The Journal of Wildlife Management 75: 973–79. doi: 10.1002/jwmg.120
  • Dirzo, R. 2011. Jaguars, tapirs and lessons in conservation biology.  Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 9: 470-471.
  • Adams, R.I., Goldberry, S., Witham, T. G., Zinkgraf , M.S., Dirzo, R. 2011. Hybridization among dominant tree species correlates positively with understory plant diversity. American Journal of Botany 98: 1623-1632. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1100137
  • López Acosta, J.C., Lira-Noriega, A., Cruz, I., Dirzo, R. 2011. La proliferación de luces nocturnas: Un indicador de la actividad antrópica en México. BioDiversitas 94: 1-5
  • Donatti, C.I., Guimarães, Jr., P, Galetti, M., Pizo, M.A., Marquitti, F.M.D., Dirzo, R. 2011. Analysis of a hyper-diverse seed dispersal network: modularity and underlying mechamisms. Ecology Letters 14: 773-781. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01639.x
  • Gutiérrez-Granados, G., Pérez-Salicrup, D., Dirzo, R. 2011. Differential diameter-size effects of forest management on tree species richness and community structure: implications for conservation. Biodiversity Conservation 20: 1571-1585. doi: 10.1007/s10531-011-0046-8
  • Aguirre, A., Guevara, R. E., Dirzo, R. 2011. Effects of forest fragmentation on assemblages of pollinators and floral visitors to male- and female-phase inflorescences of Astrocaryum mexicanum (Arecaceae) in a Mexican rain forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 27: 25-33. doi: 10.1017/S0266467410000556
  • Pringle, E., Dirzo, R., Gordon, D. 2011. Indirect benefits of symbiotic coccoids for an ant-defended myrmecophytic tree. Ecology 92: 37-46. doi: 10.1890/10-0234.1
  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Dirzo, R.  2011. Differential responses to guano fertilization among tropical tree species with varying functional traits. American Journal of Botany 98: 207-214. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1000159
  • Pringle, E.G., Adams, R.I., Broadbent, E., Busby, P.E., Donatti, C.I., Kurten, E.L., Renton, K., Dirzo, R. 2011. Distinct leaf-trait syndromes of evergreen and deciduous trees in a seasonally dry tropical forest. Biotropica 43: 299-308. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2010.00697.x


  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Dirzo, R., Dunbar, R.B., Shaffer, S.A.  2010. Niche partitioning among and within sympatric tropical seabirds revealed by stable isotope analysis. Marine Ecology Progress Series 416: 285-294. doi: 10.3354/meps08756
  • Young, H.S., Raab, T.K., McCauley, D.J., Briggs, A.A., Dirzo, R. 2010. The coconut palm, Cocos nucifera, impacts forest composition and soil characteristics at Palmyra Atoll, Central Pacific.  Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 1058-1068. doi: 10.1111/j.1654-1103.2010.01219.x
  • Llandres, A.L, Rodríguez-Gironés, M.A., Dirzo, R. 2010. Plant stages with biotic, indirect defenses are more palatable and suffer less herbivory than their undefended counterparts. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 101: 536-543. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.2010.01521.x
  • Naranjo, E., López-Acosta, J.C., Dirzo, R. 2010. La cacería en México. Biodiversitas 91: 8-12
  • García-Aguirre, M.C., Alvarez, R. Dirzo, R., Ortíz, M.A., & Mah Eng, M. 2010. Delineation of biogeomorphic land units across a tropical natural and humanized terrain in Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, Mexico. Geomorphology 121: 245-256. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2010.04.019
  • Cepeda-Cornejo, V., Dirzo, R. 2010. Sex-related differences in reproductive allocation, growth, defense and herbivory in three dioecious neotropical palms. PLoS ONE 5: e9824. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009824
  • Narbona, E., Dirzo, R. 2010. Experimental defoliation affects male but not female reproductive performance of the tropical monoecious plant Croton suberosus (Euphorbiaceae). Annals of Botany 106: 359–369. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcq117
  • Narbona, E., Dirzo, R. 2010. A reassessment of the function of floral nectar in Croton suberosus (Euphorbiaceae): A reward for plant defenders and pollinators. American Journal of Botany 97: 672-679. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0900259
  • Gleick, P.H. et al. 2010. Climate Change and the Integrity of Science.  Science 328: 689-690
  • Dirzo, R., Wilber, C. 2010. Faculty response: K–12 science education and broader impacts. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8: 217-218. doi: 10.1890/1540-9295-8.4.217
  • Young, H.S., Shaffer, S., McCauley, D.J., Dirzo,R., Block, B.A.  2010. Resource partitioning by species but not sex in sympatric boobies in the Central Pacific Ocean.  Marine Ecology Progress Series 403: 291-301. doi: 10.3354/meps08478
  • Young, H.S., McCauley, D.J., Dunbar, R.B., Dirzo, R. 2010. Plants cause ecosystem nutrient depletion via the interruption of bird-derived spatial subsidies. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 107: 2072-2077. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0914169107 PDF_test
  • Ruiz-Guerra, B., Guevara, R., Mariano, N.A., Dirzo, R. 2010.  Insect herbivory declines with forest fragmentation and covaries with plant regeneration mode: evidence from a Mexican tropical rain forest. Oikos 119: 317-325. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0706.2009.17614.x
  • Villaseñor-Sánchez, E., Dirzo, R., Renton, K. 2010.  Importance of the lilac- crowned parrot in pre-dispersal seed predation of Astronium graveolens in a Mexican tropical dry forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 227-236. doi: 10.1017/S0266467409990447
  • Gutiérrez-Granados, G. & Dirzo, R. 2010. Indirect effects of timber extraction on plant recruitment and diversity via reductions in abundance of frugivorous spider monkeys. Journal of Tropical Ecology 26: 45-52. doi: 10.1017/S0266467409990307
  • Busby, P., Vitousek, P., Dirzo, R. 201o. Prevalence of tree regeneration by sprouting and seedling along a rainfall gradient in Hawai’i. Biotropica 42: 80-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2009.00540.x


  • Gutiérrez-Granados, G., Dirzo, R. 2009. Remoción de semillas, herbivoría y reclutamiento de plántulas de Brosimum alicastrum (Moraceae) en sitios con manejo forestal contrastante de la Selva Maya, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Boletín Sociedad Botánica de México 85: 51-58 PDF
  • Chinchilla, F., Ceballos, G., Dirzo, R. 2009. Value of premontane moist forest fragments for mammalian conservation in Costa Rica: trash or treasure? International Journal of Tropical Ecology 57
  • Dirzo, R., Aguirre, A., López, J.C. 2009. Diversidad florística de las selvas húmedas en paisajes antropizados. Investigación ambiental 1: 17-22 PDF
  • Dirzo, R., Thompson, J. N. 2009. La coevolución y las enseñanzas de Darwin. Ciencia Hoy 19: 43-48
  • Mendoza, E., Dirzo, R. 2009.  Seed tolerance to predation: Evidence from the toxic seeds of the buckeye tree (Aesculus californica; Sapindaceae). American Journal of Botany 96: 1255-1261. doi: 10.3732/ajb.0800297 PDF
  • Aguirre, A., Vallejo-Marín, M., Piedra-Malagón, E.M., Cruz-Ortega, R., Dirzo, R. 2009. Morphological variation in the flowers of Jacaratia mexicana A. DC. (Caricaceae), a subdioecious tree. Plant Biology 11: 417-424. doi: 10.1111/j.1438-8677.2008.00154.x PDF


  • Aguirre, A., Dirzo, R. 2008. Effects of fragmentation on pollinator abundance and fruit set of an abundant understory palm in a Mexican tropical forest. Biological Conservation 141: 375-384. doi: 10.1016/j.biocon.2007.09.014 PDF
  • Fáveri, S.B., Vasconcelos, H.L., Dirzo, R. 2008. Effects of Amazonian forest enemies fragmentation on the interaction between plants, insect herbivores, and their natural enemies. Journal of Tropical Ecology 24: 57-84. doi: 10.1017/S0266467407004592 PDF


  • López, J.C., Dirzo, R. 2007. Floristic diversity of sabal palmetto woodland: an endemic and endangered vegetation type from Mexico. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 807-825. doi: 10.1007/s10531-005-6228-5 PDF
  • Mendoza, E., Dirzo, R. 2007. Seed-size variation determines interspecific differential predation by mammals in a neotropical rain forest. Oikos 116: 1841-1852. doi: 10.1111/j.2007.0030-1299.15878.x PDF
  • Boege, K., Dirzo, R., Siemens, D., Brown, P. 2007. Ontogenetic switches from plant resistance to tolerance: minimizing costs with age? Ecology Letters 10: 177-187. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.01012.x PDF
  • Dirzo, R., Mendoza, E., Ortíz, P. 2007. Size-related differential seed predation in a heavily defaunated Neotropical rain forest. Biotropica 39: 355-362. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00274.x PDF
  • Aguirre, A., Vallejo, M., Goroztieta-Salazar, L., Arias, D.M., Dirzo, R. 2007. Variation in sexual expression in Jacaratia mexicana (Caricaceae) in southern Mexico: Frequency and relative seed performance of fruit-producing males. Biotropica 39: 79-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2006.00230.x PDF
  • Wright, S.J., Stoner, K.E., Beckman, N., Corlett, R.T., Dirzo, R., Muller-Laudau, H.C., Nunez-Iturri, G., Peres, C.A., Wang, B.C. 2007. The plight of large animals in tropical forests and the consequences for plant regeneration. Biotropica 39: 289-291. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2007.00293.x PDF


  • García-Guzmán, G., & Dirzo, R. 2006. Influence of plant abundance on disease incidence in a Mexican tropical forest. Ecoscience 13: 523-530 PDF
  • Martínez ML, Manson RH, Balvanera P, Dirzo R., Soberón J, García-Barrios L, Martínez-Ramos M, Moreno-Casasola P, Rosenzweig L, Sarukhán J. 2006. The origin and evolution of ecology in Mexico: a case study of the challenges facing an emerging science in Latin America. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4: 259-267 PDF
  • Souza, V., Espinosa-Azuar, L., Escalante, A.E., Eguiarte, L. E., Farmer, J., Forney, L., Lloret, L., rodriguez-Martínez, J. L., Soberón, X., Dirzo, R. and Elser, J.J. 2006. An endangered oasis of aquatic microbial biodiversity in the Chihuahuan desert. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 6565-6570 PDF
  • Vallejo, M., Dominguez, C.A., & Dirzo, R. 2006. Simulated seed predation reveals a variety of germination responses of neotropical rain forest species.. American Journal of Botany 93: 369-376 PDF
  • de Melo, F.P.L., Dirzo, R. & Tabarelli, M.  2006. Biased seed rain in forest edges: Evidence from the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Biological Conservation 132: 50-60. PDF


  • Rodríguez, J.P., Dirzo, R. & Goodman, T. 2005. La ciencia de la biodiversidad en America Latina. Interciencia 30: 449
  • Dirzo, R. & M. Loreau. 2005. Biodiversity science evolves. Science 310: 943 PDF
  • Mendoza, E. & R. Dirzo. 2005. A quantitative study of forest fragmentation in Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Revista Chilena de Biologia Tropical 78: 451-467 PDF


  • Boege, K. & Dirzo R. 2004. Intraspecific variation in growth, defense and herbivory in Dialium guianense (Caesalpiniaceae) mediated by edaphic heterogeneity Plant Ecology. 175: 59-69 PDF


  • Del Val, E. & Dirzo, R. 2003. Does ontgeny cause changes in the defensive strategies of the myrmecophyte Cecropia peltata? Plant Ecology 169: 35-41 PDF
  • Dirzo, R, & P. H. Raven. Global biodiversity and loss. Annual Review of Environment and Natural Resources. 28: 137-167 PDF
  • Campo, J., & Dirzo, R. 2003. Leaf quality and herbivory responses to soil nutrient addition in secondary tropical dry forests of Yucatán, México. Journal of Tropical Ecology 19: 1-7 PDF


  • Núñez-Farfán, J., C. A. Domínguez, L. E. Eguiarte, A. Cornejo, M. Quijano, J. Vargas & R. Dirzo. Genetic divergence among Mexican populations of red mangrove (Rhizopora mangle): geographic and historic effects. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4:1049-1064 PDF
  • Trejo, R. I., & Dirzo, R. 2002. Floristic diversity of Mexican seasonally dry tropical forests. Biodiversity and Conservation 11: 2063-2048 PDF
  • Lindig-Cisneros, R., R. Dirzo, & F. J. Espinosa-García. Effects of domestication and agronomic selection on phytoalexin antifungal defense in Phaseolus beans. Ecological Research 17: 315-321 PDF


  • Lambin E.F., Turner B.L., Geist H., Agbola S., Angelsen A., Bruce J.W., Coomes O., Dirzo R., Fischer G., Folke C., George P.S., Homewood K., Imbernon J., Leemans R., Li X., Moran E.F. Mortimore M., Ramakrishnan P.S., Richards J.F., Skånes H., Steffen W., Stone G.D., Svedin U., Veldkamp T., Vogel C., Xu J., 2001. The Causes of land-use and land-cover change: Global Environmental Change 11: 261-269 PDF
  • García-Guzmán, G., & Dirzo, R. 2001. Patterns of leaf-pathogen infection in the understory of a Mexican rain forest: incidence, spatiotemporal variation, and mechanisms of infection. American Journal of Botany 88: 634-635 PDF


  • Trejo, R. I., & Dirzo, R. 2000. Deforestation of seasonally dry tropical forest towards its northern distribution: a national and local analysis in Mexico. Biological Conservation 94: 133-142
  • Sala O. E., F. Stuart Chapin III, J. J. Armesto, E. Berlow, J. Bloomfield, R. Dirzo, E. Huber-Sanwald, L.F. Huenneke, R. Jackson, A. Kinzig, R. Leemans, D. Lodge, H. A. Mooney, M. Oesterheld, L. Poff, M. T. Sykes, B. H. Walker, M. Walker, & D. Wall. 2000. Global biodiversity scenarios for the year 2100. Science 287: 1770-1774 PDF


  • Mendoza, E., & Dirzo, R. 1999. Deforestation in Lacandonia (Southeast Mexico): Evidence for the declaration of the northernmost tropical hot spot. Biodiversity and Conservation 8: 1621-1641 PDF
  • Guevara, R., & Dirzo, R. 1999. Consumption of macro-fungi sporophores by invertebrates in a Mexican tropical cloud forest: do fruit body characteristics matter? Journal of Tropical Ecology 15: 603-617 PDF
  • Sánchez-Ramos, G., Dirzo, R., y Balcázar-Lara, M. 1999. Especificidad y herbivoría de Lepidoptera sobre especies pioneras y tolerantes del bosque Mesófilo de la Reserva de la Biosfera El Cielo, Tamaulipas, México. Acta Zoologica Mexicana 78: 103-115 PDF


  • Bazzaz, F.A., Ceballos, G., Davis, M., Dirzo, R., Ehrlich, P.R., Eisner, T., Levin, S., Lawton, J.H., Lubchenco, J., Matson, P.A., Mooney, H.A., Raven, P.H., Roughgarden, J.E., Sarukhán, J., Tillman, D.G., Vitousek, P., Walker, B., Wall, D.H., Wilson, E.O., & Woodwell, G. 1998. Ecological science and the human predicament. Science 282: 879 PDF
  • Guevara, R. & Dirzo, R. 1998. A rapid method for the assessment of diversity of the mycota: The fungal community of an evergreen cloud forest as an example.  Canadian Journal of Botany 76: 596-601 PDF
  • Domínguez, C.A., Eguiarte, L. E., Nuñez-Farfan, J. & Dirzo, R. 1998. Flower morphometry of Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae): Geographical variation in Mexican populations.  American Journal of Botany 85: 637-643 PDF
  • Masera, O, Ordóñez, M.J.& Dirzo, R. 1998. Carbon emissions from Mexican forests: Current situation and long-term scenarios. Climatic Change 35: 265-295 PDF


  • Montaña, C. Dirzo, R., & Flores, A. 1997. Structural Parasitism of an Epiphytic Bromelliad upon Cercidum praecox in an intertropical Semiarid Ecosystem. Biotropica 29: 517-521 PDF
  • Morón, A., Dirzo, R., & Jaramillo V. J. 1997. Defoliation and below-ground herbivory in the grass Muhlenbergia quadridentata: Effects on plant performance and on the root-feeder Phyllophaga (Coleptera, Melolonthidae) Oecologia 110: 237-342 PDF
  • Morón, A., Jaramillo V. J., Dirzo, R. 1997. Species composition of root-feeding macroarthropods in a subalpine grassland associated with pine forest in México. The Canadian Entomologist 129: 71-80 PDF
  • Noble, I. R., & Dirzo, R. 1997. Forests as human-dominated ecosystems. Science 277: 522-525 PDF
  • Rosenthal, J. P.& Dirzo, R. 1997. Effects of life history, domestication and agronomic selection on plant defense against insects: evidence from maizes and wild relatives. Evolutionary Ecology 11: 337-355 PDF


  • Dirzo, R. 1996. José Sarukhán, An outstanding tropical biologist, Honorary Fellow of ATB, 1996. Biotropica 28: 616-617 PDF
  • Núñez-Farfán, J., Cabrales, R. & Dirzo, R. 1996. Mating system consequences on resistance to herbivory and life history traits in Datura stramonium. American Journal of Botany 83: 1041-1049 PDF
  • Dirzo, R., & Gómez, B.G. 1996. Ritmos temporales de la investigación taxonómica de plantas vasculares en México y una estimación del número de especies conocidas. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 83: 396-403 PDF
  • Arizmendi, M.C., Domínguez, C.A. y Dirzo R. 1996. The role of an avian nectar robber and of hummingbird pollinators on the reproduction of two plant species. Functional Ecology 10: 119-127 PDF


  • Cairns, M.A., Dirzo, R. & Zadroga, F. 1995. Forests of Mexico: A diminishing resource? Journal of Forestry 93: 21-24
  • Filip, V., Dirzo, R., Maass, J.M. & Sarukhán J. 1995. Within-and among-variation in the levels of damage on the foliage of trees from a tropical deciduous forest in west Mexico. Biotropica 27: 78-86
  • Domínguez, C.A. & Dirzo, R. 1995. Rainfall and flowering synchrony in a tropical shrub: Variable selection on the flowering time of Erythroxylum havanense. Evolutionary Ecology 9: 204-216 PDF


  • Dirzo, R. y Raven, P.H. 1994. Un inventario biológico para México. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México. 55:29-34 PDF
  • Domínguez, C.A. & Dirzo, R. 1994. Effects of defoliation on Erythroxylum havanense a tropical proleptic species Ecology 75: 1896-1902 PDF
  • Núñez-Farfán, J. & Dirzo, R. 1994. Evolutionary ecology of Datura stramonium in Central Mexico: Natural selection for resistance to herbivorous insects. Evolution 42: 423-436 PDF
  • Oyama, K. & Dirzo, R. 1994. Population structure of a monophagous chrysomelid beetle in a Mexican lowland rain forest. Tropics 3:163-167 PDF


  • Dirzo, R. 1993. Una pérdida irreparable para la botánica Neotropical: Alwyn H. Gentry. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 53: 125-128


  • Dirzo, R. Horvitz, C.C. Quevedo, H. & López, M.A. 1992. The effects of gap size and age on the understory herb community of a tropical Mexican rain forest. Journal of Ecology 80: 809-822 PDF
  • Oyama, K., Dirzo, R., & Ibarra-Manriquez, G. 1992. Population structure of the dominant palm species in the understory of a Mexican lowland rain forest. Tropics 2: 23-28 PDF
  • Masera, O., Ordóñez, M.J., y Dirzo, R. 1992. Emisiones de carbono a partir de la deforestación en México. Ciencia 43: 151-153 PDF
  • Dirzo, R. & García M.C. 1992. Rates of deforestation in Los Tuxtlas, a Neotropical area in Southeast Mexico. Conservation Biology 6: 84-90 PDF


  • Dirzo, R. y Miranda, A. 1991. El límite boreal de la selva en el Continente Americano: Contracción de la selva y solución de una controversia. Interciencia 16: 240-247
  • Núñez-Farfán, J, & Dirzo, R. 1991. Effects of defoliation on the saplings of a gap-colonizing neotropical tree. Journal of Vegetation Science 2: 459-464 PDF
  • Oyama, K. & Dirzo, R. 1991. Ecological aspects of the interaction between Chamaedorea tepejilote, a dioecious palm, and Calyptocephala marginipennis, a herbivorous beetle, in a Mexican Rain Forest. Principes 35: 86-93


  • Dirzo, R. & Miranda, A. 1990. Contemporary neotropical defaunation and forest structure, function and diversity: a sequel to John Terborgh. Conservation Biology 4: 444-447 PDF
  • Ibarra-Manriquez, G. & Dirzo, R. 1990. Plantas mirmecófilas arbóreas de la Estación de Biología Los Tuxtlas, Veracruz, México. Revista de Biología Tropical 38: 79-82 PDF


  • Núñez-Farfán, J., & Dirzo, R. 1989. Leaf survival in relation to herbivory in two tropical pioneer species. Oikos 54: 71-74 PDF
  • Domínguez, C., Dirzo, R., & Bullock, S. H. 1989. On the function of floral nectar in Croton suberosus (Euphorbiaceae). Oikos 56: 109-114 PDF


  • Oyama, K. & Dirzo, R. 1988. Biomass allocation in the dioecious Tropical Palm Chamaedorea tepejilote and its life history consequences. Plant Species Biology 3: 23-33 PDF
  • Núñez-Farfán, J., & Dirzo, R. 1988. Within-gap spatial heterogeneity and seedling performance in a Mexican tropical forest. Oikos 51: 274-284 PDF


  • de la Cruz, M. & Dirzo, R. 1987. A survey of the standing levels of herbivory in seedlings from a Mexican rain forest. Biotropica 19: 98-106 PDF
  • Dirzo, R. & Chapin, F. S. III. 1987. Algunos problemas importantes en el estudio de las interacciones planta-herbívoro en los bosques tropicales. Revista de Biología Tropical 35: 207-211
  • Dirzo, R. 1987. Estudios sobre interacciones planta-herbívoro en “Los Tuxtlas”, Veracruz. Revista de Biología Tropical 36: 119-132


  • Filip, V. & Dirzo, R. 1985. Tabla de vida del gusano de bolsa Malacosoma incurvum Aztecum Neumogen (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) en Xochimilco, D. F. México. Folia Entomologica 66: 31-45
  • Dirzo, R. 1985. Metabolitos secundarios en las plantas: ¿Atributos Panglossianos o de valor adaptativo? Ciencia 36: 137-145 PDF


  • Dirzo, R. 1983. Sobre el significado del “co” en co-evolución. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 44: 91-94


  • Dirzo, R., Fernández, A., Gómez, G. & González, V. 1982. Un aparato sencillo para medir la dureza del follaje en estudios de herbivoría. Boletín de la Sociedad Botánica de México 43: 81-88
  • Dirzo, R. 1982. Ditto. IV. The performance of cyanogenic and acyanogenic plants of Trifolium repens in the field. Journal of Ecology 70: 119-128
  • Dirzo, R. 1982. Ditto. III. Differences in the acceptability of individual plants of Trifolium repens to slugs and snails. Journal of Ecology 70: 101-118


  • Dirzo, R. & Harper, J. L. 1980. II. The effect of grazing by slugs on high density monocultures of Capsella bursa-pastoris and Poa annua. Journal of Ecology 68: 999-1012. PDF
  • Dirzo, R. 1980. Experimental studies on slug-plant interactions. I. The acceptability of thirty plant species to the slug Agriolimax caruanae. Journal of Ecology 68: 981-998. PDF

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